10 Popular English Dog Breeds

Bulldog The history of bulldogs dates back to the 13th Century in England. Bulldogs were used because of their strong physique to fight bulls. 

Beagle English hunters used large hounds to hunt deer, and smaller hounds to chase rabbits in the 1500s. These small hounds were the source of many beagles. These small hounds were bred for their hunting skills and friendly nature by the 1800s. 

Yorkshire Terrier The English county of Yorkshire and Lancashire are where the Yorkshire terrier is rooted. It dates back to the 1800s. It is thought to be a mixture of terrier breeds from Scotland such as the Skye or Dandie Dinmont. There might also be Maltese in the mix. 

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Charles II and King Charles I both loved a small black-and-tan spaniel in the 17th century. The spaniel was popular among British aristocrats until the 19th century, when it was crossed to small Asian dog breeds that gave it a flatter head and a domed skull. 

English Springer Spaniel In England, for centuries, two types of spaniels could be born from the same litter: "Cocker" and "springer". These were early versions of today's spaniel breeds. Springers were larger dogs that were used to flush birds or other game out of hiding places for hunters. 

Bullmastiff Poachers began to target country estates owned by English aristocrats in the 1800s. A large, strong, and athletic dog was created to catch poachers and bring them down. The bullmastiff was a combination of bulldogs, mastiffs, and this dog. 

English Cocker Spaniel The first English cocker spaniels were born in the same litter as larger springer spaniels. The name of this smaller breed is a reference to its ability to hunt woodcock. The breed standard for the English cocker was developed as spaniel breeds began to be established in the 19th century. 

Airedale Terrier Aire Valley, Northern England is where the roots of Airedale terriers can be traced back to their origins. These large terriers were bred by factory workers and mill workers in the 1800s to be tough, fearless hunting dogs. 

Whippet Coal miners from England wanted to participate in dog racing and hunting in the 1800s. They couldn't afford large dogs such as the greyhound. They bred a smaller dog who was equally adept at hunting and agility. They likely crossed small, fast terriers with greyhounds to create the whippet. 

Bull Terrier Bull terriers are descendants of bulldogs. Bulldogs were crossed with terrier breeds in the 1800s to make strong, spirited fighters. The terriers provided their fiery demeanor. These crosses led to the birth of the bull terrier, which was later used for illegal dog fighting.