The Theraphosidae(Tarantula) family contains approximately 900 species.

Because only a few species have powerful bites, the tarantula's reputation seems more mythical than real. Most tarantula venom is not toxic to humans. Tarantulas can be placid and benign and will not bite unless they are provoked. In many cases, their bite is less harmful than a bee sting.

– Tarantula's jaws move in a straight line, rather than the usual side-to-side movement seen in other spiders. The Tarantulas also have 8 tiny eyes that can distinguish even the smallest movement and detect hairs covering its body. They are sensitive to vibrations and have a very sensitive hearing.

– Some species have adhesive hair-brushes at the tips of their legs that allow them to climb vertically even up the most smooth leaves.

– Tree-dwelling species find mates by their scent and follow the silken trail left by the female as she moves.

– Although mating occurs at different times throughout the year, the rainstorms that hit the desert regions of southern Mexico cause a lot of male spiders wandering around looking for mates. Some species perform a jerky courtship dance in order to get the female to mate.

– After mating, the female bears her eggs in a silken cocoon that is attached to her body. It can take up to ten year for a newly hatched spider to mature.

The tarantula doesn't spin a web. Instead, it bites its prey with long and curved fangs. It injects poison into the victim to slowly make them helpless. The tarantula will then use its strong jaws to crush the victim's food and inject a fluid that damages the victim's tissue. The prey is then made into a soft pulp that can be eaten 

– Tarantulas can use a variety of defenses. Some species just lean back on their heads, while others raise their legs and expose their fangs. South American species of Tarantula use their legs and abdomen to remove the fine hairs. The hairs are covered in tiny points that can be dangerous and painful when they strike an enemy. 

The most dangerous enemy of the tarantula is the "spider-hunting Wasp". The 'tarantulahawk' is a smaller tarantula that can be seen in the wild. It enters the burrow of the spider and paralyzes it with its sting. The spider is then dragged back to its burrow by the hawk, which keeps it alive to provide food for its larvae 

– Atypus affinis is the purse-web spider. It was once considered a tarantula, but it has been separated.

– The exotic pet trade is threatening some of the most popular and colorful species. International trade in the Mexican red-kneed Tarantula spider is prohibited.

Tarantula is the name of a spider that lived in Southern Italy. It was named after Taranto, where legend has it that there was a small spider species that had died from a fatal bite. The victim had to dance until exhaustion, and then the poison would have been eliminated. This folk dance is based on an Italian legend called the Tarantella 

Although tarantulas live for a long time, their lives spans can vary depending on the species and sex. Although male tarantulas can live up to 10 years, once they mate successfully, they typically die in a matter of months. Female tarantulas have been shown to live for up to 30 years . 

Tarantulas are often portrayed as dangerous and reinforced by TV and movies. Although their large bodies and fangs may make them look monstrous and can cause nausea, most tarantulas in real life aren't dangerous to humans. 

Many tarantulas have bristly hairs all over their bodies, including their legs. This is one of their most distinguishing traits. Although it looks just like hair, spiders and other arthropods don't have hair like mammals. While keratin is the main component of mammalian hair, arthropod setae is made mainly of chitin.