Beagles (13. and 15. inches) Because there is no reliable documentation about the early days of Beagle development, it seems that the origin of the Beagle is a mystery. American Beagles reached a turning point in the 1860s when dogs from an English strain were imported to infuse a beautiful breed type.
Cocker Spaniels The Spaniel family is an ancient one. We have references to the Spanyell as far back at the 14th Century. They were divided into land and water spaniels. The size of land spaniels was another factor that was used to divide them. The "Cockers", the smaller of the two types, were the Sporting Group's smallest spaniels.
Boxers The breed's greatest achievements have been made in Germany over the last 100 years. However, the Boxer is a descendant of a long line of dogs that has been around since the 16th Century. Before that time, Boxer ancestors would not have been recognized as Boxers. Evidence still points to the Boxer being one of many descendents of the Tibetan fighting dog from the high valleys. The Boxer can be traced back to basic Molossus blood and is a cousin of almost all Bulldog types.
Chihuahuas The legends and history of the Chihuahua's ancestors are rich with legends. He is described as a beloved pet and a religious necessity. In 1904, the Chihuahua Club of America began.
Dachshunds (Longhaired, Smooth and Wirehaired) Historical accounts of the Dachshund date back to the 15th-16th and 17th centuries. These illustrations depict badgers hunting with dogs with long bodies, short legs, and hound-like ears. The name Dachshund, which means badger dog, was first used to describe a breed with long-haired and smooth varieties. As a third type, wirehairs were introduced in 1890.
German Shepherd Dogs The German Shepherd Dog is a hybrid of old farm dogs and herd dogs. It has undergone intensive development. The German Shepherd Dog has been a faithful companion and servant for centuries. The Shepherd is known for its courage, ability to adapt and maintain training for special services such as police work or as a guide for blind people.
Poodles It is believed that the Poodle originated in Germany. It has been the French national dog for many years. The Caniche is a derived from the duck dog chien canard. The German pudelin or pudel, which means to splash in water, is the source of the English term "poodle".
Collies (Smooth and Rough) Although the exact origin of the Collie is unknown, it is clear that both the rough-coated as well as the smooth-coated collie existed in the long-term unwritten history of herding dogs in northern England and Scotland. Both varieties were working dogs prior to the last two centuries. Their untutored masters did not see the need for pedigrees, and they were probably incapable of maintaining stud books.
Boston Terriers This breed is an American invention, being a cross of an English bulldog with a white English Terrier. In 1891, the Boston Terrier Club of America was established by supporters of the new breed. The name of the breed was changed from Bull Terriers or Round Heads to Boston Terriers.
Pekingese The Tang Dynasty of China, in the 6th Century, is the first known reference to the "Lion Dog". The Tao Kuang period (1821-1851) saw the peak of breeding these small dogs. Amazingly pure, the oldest breeds were kept. The standards were set by Imperial Dog Books that featured pictures of the most beloved dogs.