12 Terrier Dog Breeds

Airedale Terrier The largest terrier is the Airedale Terrier. It is also known by the name "King of Terriers". The Airedale was first bred in England's Aire Valley. They were trained to hunt and kill rats and other pesky vermin. The Airedale Terrier can be a stubborn, energetic, and strong dog. He requires obedience training and daily vigorous exercise.

Bedlington Terrier The Bedlington Terrier was first bred in England in the 1800s. They hunted rats in mines and farms. With their sleek sighthound appearance, they look and feel like little lambs.

Bull Terrier The Bull Terrier was initially developed in England to compete in dogfighting rings. The brutal sport was eventually banned and the Bull Terrier became the affectionate, beloved companion it is today.

Cairn Terrier The Cairn Terrier was a Scottish Highlands-breed that was more than two centuries old. It was Dorothy's little dog Toto's Cairn Terrier. Cairns were a group of rocks that had cairns. These dogs were tough and fierce and could eliminate foxes and rats. This is how the breed was named.

Irish Terrier The Irish Terrier, a medium-sized dog that is sturdy and strong, can be easily identified by its intense expression and vibrant red hair. This mix of American and Irish breeds makes this dog unique. This dog was born in Ireland, and is a loyal member of the family and a great hunter.

Jack Russell Terrier In the 1800s, John Russell, an English vicar, created the Jack Russell Terrier. Russell created two types of hunting terriers: the Parson Russell Terrier with longer legs and the Jack Russell Terrier with slightly shorter legs. Both types of terriers are great vermin dispatchers and fox hunters.

Kerry Blue Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier, a working terrier that was born in County Kerry, Ireland, was more than 100 years old. It was able to retrieve and hunt as well as herd livestock. All Kerry Blue Terrier puppies are born black. The dog's coat becomes a distinct blue-gray color as they age. The adult Kerry Blue Terrier may be light- to medium-blue-gray in color.

Miniature Schnauzer Miniature Schnauzers can be described as a smaller version or the Standard Schnauzer. Both Schnauzer breeds, and their cousin the Giant Schnauzer, were born in Germany. They were vital farm dogs and rats catchers.

Norwich Terrier Named after the English city it was born, the Norwich Terrier is named in honor of this breed. It hunted foxes, and was able to work in large groups. The Norwich Terrier is one of the smallest terrier breeds, but it is brave and affectionate towards their family.

Rat Terrier While most terriers originate from Great Britain, the Rat Terrier was developed in the United States in the early 1900s. It was used to hunt and kill rats on farms. Rat Terriers come in two sizes: small and large.

Scottish Terrier The Scottish Terriers have been prized as badger and fox hunters for centuries in the Scottish Highlands. They were also able to kill rats on farms and make a living. Scotties are small in stature but their bodies are strong, long and muscular. Although the black Scottish Terrier is most well-known, it can also be found as a wheaten (lighter) or brindle (darker brown with Tiger stripes).

West Highland White Terrier Many short-legged, small-legged terriers claim Scotland as their home. This includes the Cairn Terrier Dandie Terrier, and the Scottish Terrier. The West Highland White Terrier, however, is the only pure-white Scottish terrier breed.