Collies Although the exact origin of the Collie is unknown, it is clear that both the rough-coated as well as the smooth-coated collie existed in the long-term unwritten history of herding dogs in northern England and Scotland. Both varieties were working dogs prior to the last two centuries. Their untutored masters did not see the need for pedigrees, and they were probably incapable of maintaining stud books.
Boston Terriers This breed is an American invention, being bred from a cross of an English bulldog with a white English Terrier. In 1891, the Boston Terrier Club of America was established by supporters of the new breed. The name of the breed was changed from Bull Terriers or Round Heads to Boston Terriers.
English Setters According to the best authorities, the English Setter's origin can be traced back to their appearance in England as a trained birddog more than 400 years ago. The breed is a cross of the Spanish Pointer and large Water Spaniel, according to evidence. This combination has produced a magnificent bird dog that is highly skilled in finding and pointing game in open countryside.
Bull Terriers This breed is a cross between bulldogs (and other terriers) and gained popularity among the sporting community in the 1800s. These crossbreeds combined the courage and determination of the bulldog with terrier's natural agility and intensity. They varied in size and color. Some have more bulldog heritage while others are more terrierlike.
Pointers Around 1650, the first Pointers were introduced to England. This was before guns and wing-shooting became common. Greyhound coursing was also common with Pointers. They were often used to find and point hares. However, wing-shooting was popularized by the 18th century and the "shorthair", as most sportsmen consider it, is equal to, or superior to, any gun dog.
Cocker Spaniels The Spaniel family is an ancient one. We have references to the Spanyell as far back at the 14th Century. They were divided into land and water spaniels. The size of land spaniels was another factor that was used to divide them. The "Cockers", the smaller of the two types, were the Sporting Group's smallest spaniels.
Bulldogs To our best knowledge, the Bulldog is a British Isles breed. Bull refers to the bulldog's participation in bull baiting, a cruel sport in which bull-biting dogs tried to control bulls by biting and attacking them. It was thought that the bull's meat would be more tender if it was stimulated in this manner. The Cruelty to Animals Act of1835 ended the sport.
Airedale Terriers It is believed that the breed originated in the Valley of the Aire, England. The black-and-tan terrier was the original ancestor. They were called Working, Waterside, and Bingley Terriers. The Airedale was eventually known for being a dog who could do everything. It was used for wartime protection and messengers, rodent control, hunting birds, and game.
Beagles Because there is no reliable documentation about the early days of Beagle development, it seems that the origin of the Beagle is a mystery. American Beagles reached a turning point in the 1860s when dogs from an English strain were imported to infuse a beautiful breed type.
Irish Terriers Although much has been said about the origin of this breed, there is clear evidence that it is one among the oldest terrier breeds. It was first documented that an Irish Terrier was recognized as a breed in 1875 when it was shown in a class at a Glasgow show. The breed's first class was held in Westminster two years later.